Tuesday, December 12, 2017
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Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) helps children and adults acquire the skills which are required to do the activities—or "occupations"—of daily life. These bachelor and master's level health-care professionals take a holistic approach to a client's physical well-being, by taking into consideration the psychological, social and environmental factors, explains the American Occupational Therapy Association.

Occupational Therapists address many challenges like attention span and arousal level; sensory and processing skills; fine and gross motor skills; activities of daily living (ADLs), also known as self-help skills, like brushing teeth, dressing and toilet training; visual-perceptual skills; handwriting; and assistive technology.

Addressing Challenges in sensory modulation: Children who have trouble modulating sensory input may experience extra-sensitivity (hypersensitivity), low-sensitivity (hyposensitivity) or both to impairing or overwhelming degree in different situations like in school, home or anywhere. A hypersensitive child may be withdrawn; because they get easily overwhelmed by auditory and visual stimuli, they may want to avoid public places, hotels etc. The buzz of fluorescent lights of an ambulance and anxiety about the loud horn of train may distract her, making it difficult to pay attention and participate in class.

Those who are under-sensitive crave for sensory input. In the classroom, they become "disruptive" sensory seekers. Hence they will keep moving, touching everything, and even tripping or bumping into other kids. Some of these kids may be diagnosed as ADHD, which they are really not.

Correcting Gross motor deficiencies: When a child / adult have problems in gross motor skills involving the major muscle groups, they will struggle with balance, coordination, strength and endurance. These will have a direct impact on anything from walking and climbing stairs to hopping, jumping and catching and throwing a ball. Such deficits prevent kids from participating in sports and activities, which can in turn affect socialization and self-esteem. Occupational Therapists will often work on gross motor skills along with physical therapists, since some goals are similar. If a child has low muscle tone and core body strength it prevents a child to sit erect and be alert, a much needed skill for class room and fine motor skills like handwriting.

Strengthening the fine motor skills: Fine motor skills involve the small muscles of hand. When there's a lack of strength, motor control and dexterity, children have difficulty drawing, using scissors and stringing beads. Such delays, if not addressed, will make academics—turning pages, writing, using a computer much difficult and also ADL skills. Occupational Therapists also employ many fun activities to develop fine motor skills. For those having cerebral palsy or those suffering from stroke they help in hand functions and ADL.

All our Occupational therapists are well trained in different aspects of these problems. Though program planning involves individual therapists, Occupational therapy activities are monitored by Dr.Lal.D.V, Dr.Vasanth Luke Naganur (Senior OT) PhD, having more than 30 years international experience in countries like Canada, South east, Germany etc.

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